Highmark Commercial Medical Policy - Pennsylvania

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Medical Policy: I-198-001
Topic: Burosumab (Crysvita)
Section: Injections
Effective Date: August 20, 2018
Issue Date: August 20, 2018
Last Reviewed: July 2018

Burosumab-twza (Crysvita®) is a human immunoglobulin G subclass 1 (IgG1), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) blocking antibody indicated for the treatment of X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) in adult and pediatric individuals one (1) year of age and older.

XLH is caused by excess FGF23 which suppresses renal tubular phosphate reabsorption and the renal production of 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D.

X-linked hypophosphatemia has also been referred to as X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets, Hypoposphatemic rickets, X-linked dominant hypophosphatemic rickets (XLHR), X-linked rickets (XLR), Vitamin D-resistant rickets, X-linked Vitamin D-resistant rickets (VDRR), Hypophosphatemic vitamin D-resistant rickets (HPDR), Phosphate diabetes, and Familial hypophosphatemic rickets.

This policy is designed to address medical guidelines that are appropriate for the majority of individuals with a particular disease, illness, or condition. Each person's unique clinical circumstances may warrant individual consideration, based on review of applicable medical records.

Policy Position Coverage is subject to the specific terms of the member’s benefit plan.

Burosumab (Crysvita) is considered medically necessary in adult and pediatric individuals one (1) year of age or older who meet ALL of the following:

  • Diagnosis of XLH, verified by pathogenic mutation in PHEX; and
  • Oral phosphate and active vitamin D analogs have been discontinued and will remain discontinued at least 7 days before and during ongoing treatment with burosumab (Crysvita); and
  • Documentation of fasting serum phosphorus concentration below the reference range for age; and
  • At least ONE of the following:
    • Documentation of low tubular resorption of phosphate corrected for glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR) based on age; or
    • Documentation of any of the following signs and symptoms of XLH including but not limited to growth retardation, bone fractures, musculoskeletal pain, dental abscesses, x-ray imaging showing deformities, or Thacher Rickets Severity Score (RSS), etc.

Continuation of therapy with burosumab (Crysvita) after twelve (12) months may be considered medically necessary for the treatment of an individual with documented diagnosis of XLH when the following criteria are met:

  • Diagnosis of XLH; and
  • Documentation of improved fasting serum phosphorus concentration in relation to age (doses should be held if serum phosphorus is above 5 mg/dL); and
  • Documentation of improved TmP/GFR level if previously reported; and
  • Documentation of improved signs and symptoms of XLH such as a lower score on the Thacher Rickets Severity Score (RSS).

The use of burosumab (Crysvita) is considered experimental/investigational and, therefore, non-covered for all other indications. Scientific literature does not support its use for other indications.

Procedure Codes

NOTE: Dosage recommendations per the FDA label.


Place of Service: Outpatient

The administration of burosumab (Crysvita) is typically an outpatient procedure which is only eligible for coverage as an inpatient procedure in special circumstances, including, but not limited to, the presence of a co-morbid condition that would require monitoring in a more controlled environment such as the inpatient setting.

The policy position applies to all commercial lines of business

Denial Statements

Services that do not meet the criteria of this policy will be considered experimental/investigational (E/I). A network provider can bill the member for the experimental/investigational service. The provider must give advance written notice informing the member that the service has been deemed E/I. The member must be provided with an estimate of the cost and the member must agree in writing to assume financial responsibility in advance of receiving the service. The signed agreement must be maintained in the provider’s records.


Medical policies do not constitute medical advice, nor are they intended to govern the practice of medicine. They are intended to reflect Highmark's reimbursement and coverage guidelines. Coverage for services may vary for individual members, based on the terms of the benefit contract.

Discrimination is Against the Law
The Claims Administrator/Insurer complies with applicable Federal civil rights laws and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex. The Claims Administrator/Insurer does not exclude people or treat them differently because of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex. The Claims Administrator/ Insurer:
  • Provides free aids and services to people with disabilities to communicate effectively with us, such as:
    • Qualified sign language interpreters
    • Written information in other formats (large print, audio, accessible electronic formats, other formats)
  • Provides free language services to people whose primary language is not English, such as:
    • Qualified interpreters
    • Information written in other languages
If you need these services, contact the Civil Rights Coordinator.

If you believe that the Claims Administrator/Insurer has failed to provide these services or discriminated in another way on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex, you can file a grievance with: Civil Rights Coordinator, P.O. Box 22492, Pittsburgh, PA 15222, Phone: 1-866-286-8295, TTY: 711, Fax: 412-544-2475, email: CivilRightsCoordinator@highmarkhealth.org. You can file a grievance in person or by mail, fax, or email. If you need help filing a grievance, the Civil Rights Coordinator is available to help you.

You can also file a civil rights complaint with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights electronically through the Office for Civil Rights Complaint Portal, available at https://ocrportal.hhs.gov/ocr/portal/lobby.jsf, or by mail or phone at:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Avenue, SW
Room 509F, HHH Building
Washington, D.C. 20201
1-800-368-1019, 800-537-7697 (TDD)

Complaint forms are available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/office/file/index.html.

Insurance or benefit/claims administration may be provided by Highmark, Highmark Choice Company, Highmark Coverage Advantage, Highmark Health Insurance Company, First Priority Life Insurance Company, First Priority Health, Highmark Benefits Group, Highmark Select Resources, Highmark Senior Solutions Company or Highmark Senior Health Company, all of which are independent licensees of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, an association of independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield plans.

Highmark retains the right to review and update its medical policy guidelines at its sole discretion. These guidelines are the proprietary information of Highmark. Any sale, copying or dissemination of the medical policies is prohibited; however, limited copying of medical policies is permitted for individual use.

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